As the most successful Formula One teams of all time, they are also probably the most well-known. With 221 wins and 16 constructors’ championships, the team have brought many great drivers to the top. Famous names such as Michael Schumacher, Kimi Raikkonen and Alain Prost have won world titles with the team. They are the only team to have competed in every season of F1 since 1950 and have competed in over 60 seasons. Completely dominating the early 2000s, they have slowly dropped in the overall standings and in 2014 they failed to win a race for the first time since 1993.
Competing in the second race of the 1950 championship, the team made their debut at the Monaco grand prix. Alpha Romeo won every race in the season, meaning Ferrari could only achieve podiums. However, in 1951 this all changed and they won their first race, with Jose Froilan Gonzalez at the British grand prix. In the 7 races that season, Ferrari won 3. In 1952 and 1953, Alberto Ascari won back-to-back drivers’ championships with Ferrari – the first world champion for the team. Fangio won the drivers’ title with the team in 1956 and then Hawthorn became the 3rd Ferrari champion in 1958. In 1958, the constructors’ championship was introduced and Ferrari came second to Vanwall despite having 2 wins and 14 podiums.
The team won their first constructors’ championship in 1961, along with the drivers’ championship won by Phil Hill. They won 5 races which put them in 1st overall. With just one win in 1962 and ’63 combined, Ferrari had a completely new car for 1964. The 158 F1 proved to be extremely successful and gave the team both titles. The rest of the 1960’s was a bad time for Ferrari in terms of results and they struggled to contend for either Championship. In 1969 they won no races, got just one podium and finished in 6th overall.
In 1970, the team saw much more success and won 4 races. Overall, they finished in second in the constructors championship. With Andretti, Ickx and Regazzoni in 1971, the team had a competitive line up and a fast car. However, reliability issues prevented them from fighting for the title and ended the season in 3rd. Niki Lauda joined the team along with Regazzoni in 1974 and Ferrari won 3 races. They ended the season in 2nd – the previous year they were 6th. With Lauda winning five race in 1975, the team won both the drivers’ and constructors’ titles. Dominating the beginning of 1976, Ferrari won the first three races. However, Lauda had a terrible accident at the Nurburgring. Despite this, he was racing again at Monza. The team won the title but Lauda lost the drivers’ championship to Hunt by one point. In 1977, Ferrari won their 3rd constructors’ championship in a row and Lauda took his second title. He won the title two races before the end and left Ferrari, he was replaced by Gilles Villeneuve. Although the team experienced some problems with tyres during the 1978 season, they managed to win 5 races which put them in 2nd overall.
The following season saw Reutemann replaced by Scheckter, who went on to win the championship that year. The competitive and reliable Ferrari 312 T4 helped bring Ferrari yet another constructors’ crown and helped Scheckter to win the 1979 title – the last Ferrari champion for 21 years. The 1980 Ferrari 312 T5 was extremely uncompetitive, despite being modelled on the 1979 championship-winning car, and the team failed to win a race. Jody Scheckter retired from F1 and was replaced at Ferrari by Pironi. With multiple issues concerning reliability in 1981, Ferrari won just 2 races to finish 5th overall.
1982 was a tragic year for Ferrari. Gilles Villeneuve was killed during qualifying for the Belgian grand prix and at the German grand prix, Pironi suffered a crash which ended his F1 career. Despite participating in only 10 of 16 races in the season, Pironi was just 5 points behind the champion, Keke Rosberg. The team won the constructor’s title that year, with Tambay and Andretti stepping in at the end of the season. In 1983, Ferrari won their 8th constructors’ title with 4 victories throughout the season. 1984 was a season dominated by McLaren, who won 12 out of 16 races, and Ferrari won just a single race. From 1985 through to 1987, the team won just 4 races and were unable to challenge for the title – mainly due to poor reliability.
After Enzo Ferrari’s death in 1988 Ferrari only managed to win one race in the season, which was dominated by McLaren. Ferrari were the only team, other than McLaren, who won a race that season and this meant they finished 2nd overall. In 1989, Ferrari used new technology with a semi-automatic gearbox which allowed the driver to change gear without using the clutch. The car was very fast, however the team suffered from poor reliability due to the new technology. Every race finish was a podium, but they could only manage 3rd place.
Alain Prost and Nigel Mansell raced for Ferrari in 1990, and the new car, the F1-90, was a development of the car of the previous year. Improved reliability meant that the team won 6 races to finish in second overall. The following year was bad for Ferrari with Alain Prost criticising the car which ended his time with Ferrari. The team failed to win a race and ended the season in 3rd place. From 1993-95 Ferrari won just two races and finished no better than third in the constructors’ title.
However, Ferrari signed two-time champion Michael Schumacher and Eddie Irvine for the 1996 season, in the hope that they would help them become champions again. Several reliability issues occurred but they managed to win 3 races to come second overall, behind McLaren. Ross Brawn and Rory Byrne, from Benetton, joined the team replacing John Barnard. Schumacher won 5 races in 1997 but was disqualified from the championship after hitting Jacques Villeneuve in the final race of the season. Ferrari were vice-champions that season.
In 1998, Ferrari had a completely new car – the F300. The car was very competitive but, in most cases, still not a match for the McLaren. Despite this, Schumacher won 6 races and, with the help of Irvine, brought the team to second place in the constructors championship. Schumacher had to miss 6 races in 1999, due to breaking his leg at Silverstone. This left Irvine to fight for the title. He failed to win the drivers’ title, but the team became world champions despite this.
2000 was a start of a five-year domination for Ferrari. The extremely competitive F-2000 brought Schumacher 9 wins, and his team mate Barrichello also won a race. Schumacher became the first Ferrari drivers’ champion for 21 years. The team won their 2nd Championship in a row, with 170 points. Schumacher won his 4th title in 2001 after just 13 of 17 races. Once again, Ferrari took the constructors’ crown. With 15 race wins -11 from Michael Schumacher – in 2002, Ferrari totally dominated the 2002 season. This brought them a fourth title in a row.
With many changes to the regulations in 2003, Ferrari failed to totally dominate the season as they had in previous years. The season was very close, with 8 different winners in the 16 races of the season. Despite this, nobody managed to beat Ferrari or Michael Schumacher in the overall results. 2004 saw Schumacher take a record 13 wins from 19 races which gave him his 5th title in a row – his seventh in total. Ferrari won 15 races and took the title at the Hungarian grand prix in August!
The 2005 season saw the end of Ferrari’s long period of dominance. With the F2005 less competitive than its rivals, the team only managed to win a single race in 19 races. This meant that Renault took the title for the first time. Massa replaced Barrichello at Ferrari in 2006. He won his first race in the Turkish grand prix and one one other in the season. Schumacher won 7 races but the team lost the title by 5 points. Schumacher’s retirement at the end of the season brought the Schumacher-Ferrari era in Formula One to an end. In that time he won 72 races, 5 drivers’ world Championships and took 58 pole positions. Schumacher was replaced by Kimi Raikkonen in 2007.
2007 was a closely-fought season with two teams fighting for the title, Ferrari and McLaren. There was a four-way challenge for the drivers’ title which went down to the final race. Ferrari won 9 races and both titles. Kimi Raikkonen beat Alonso and Hamilton by just one point. In 2008, Ferrari defended their title with 8 victories and 172 points -beating McLaren by 21 points. However, after winning the final race in Brazil, Massa lost the title by one point.
Ferrari won just one race, with Kimi Raikkonen, in 2009. A terrible accident in qualifying for the Hungarian grand prix for Felipe Massa put him out of the rest of the season. He was replaced by Badoer and Fisichella for the rest of the season. They were unable to fight for the title due to the strength of its rivals. Raikkonen left Ferrari and was replaced by Alonso in 2010.
Ferrari were unable to challenge for the title in 2010 and Alonso lost the drivers’ championship to Vettel in the final race of the season. With Red Bull dominating the 2011 season, Ferrari managed just 3rd overall with a single win. Fernando Alonso lead most of the 2012 season but was beaten by Vettel in the final races of the season. The team win 3 races which give them 2nd overall.
Ferrari have an encouraging start to the 2013 season ,with 2 wins from the first 5 races, but from mid-season onwards Red Bull win multiple races and Vettel wins 9 in a row. This left Ferrari 3rd in the constructors’ championship. 2014 was a tough season for Ferrari and, due to Mercedes’ dominance, they fail to win a single race. This was the first time for over 20 year they were unable to take a single victory. The uncompetitive F14 T meant that Ferrari dropped to 4th overall. Domenicali was replaced as team principle by Mattiaci in April and then Arrivabene replaced him in November.
In October, Vettel announced he was leaving Red Bull to go to Ferrari in 2015. He joined Raikkonen in the hope to bring the team the success they enjoyed with Michael Schumacher in the early 2000s, he won 3 races in his first season with the team. The following year was disappointing for the team, overtaken by Red Bull in the constructors’ race and failing to win a single race.
However, with the rule changes introduced for the 2017 season, Ferrari managed to build a much more competitive car. Winning two of the three opening races, their season was off to a brilliant start, leading the championship. However, it was eventually Mercedes who secured both titles after a series of incidents for the Ferrari pair. But overall the season was a success and they hope to challenge for the title again in 2018.